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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Manufacturers and the formulation of industrial policy in 1920s South Africa
Author:Schirmer, StefanISNI
Periodical:African Historical Review
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:industrial policy
State-society relationship
chambers of commerce
industrial history
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17532521003607450
Abstract:There are two broad views on the policy role played by manufacturers during the first decades of Union. The influence of manufacturers has either been regarded as insignificant, or they have been held responsible for the narrow protectionism of the post-1924 Hertzog government. This article demonstrates that both judgements are unfair, and that the policy the manufacturers worked with and helped to shape before 1924, was, in many ways, very positive. Within the restrictions of the racial exclusiveness dominant at the time, it was based on a relatively broad and inclusive nationalism, which underpinned the cooperation and support essential for promoting entrepreneurship. The State saw its role within this framework as providing as much assistance to manufacturers as possible, while keeping the long-term needs of the nation firmly in the forefront. In contrast to the idea that manufacturers increased their influence after the 1924 regime change, the paper demonstrates that the opposite occurred, a development that had negative long-run consequences for South Africa. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]