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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Post-colonial nation-building and Southern African liberation: Tanzania and the break of diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, 1965-1968
Author:Pallotti, ArrigoISNI
Year:2009
Periodical:African Historical Review
Volume:41
Issue:2
Pages:60-84
Language:English
Geographic terms:Tanzania
Great Britain
Subjects:foreign policy
nation building
national liberation struggles
1960-1969
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17532521003607393
Abstract:On 15 December 1965 Tanzania broke off diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom (UK) because of Harold Wilson's policy towards Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI). Although Tanzanian president Julius Nyerere took this course of action to comply with a resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), he made the support for Rhodesian independence a central pillar of Tanzania's nationbuilding project. Since 1967 human dignity, African liberation and opposition to racialism and colonialism became central tenets of both Tanzania's foreign policy as well as the Ujamaa socialist policy implemented internally by its government. The loss of a British 7.5 million-pound loan notwithstanding, Tanzania's unyielding criticism of British policy towards UDI strengthened Nyerere's national and international legitimacy and reinforced the Tanganyika African National Union's (TANU) hegemony over the national political space. Relations between Tanzania and the UK were finally restored in July 1968, after other African governments had re-established them. Nyerere felt sure that this policy reversal would not put at risk his government's political legitimacy. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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