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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Christian missionaries and education in former African colonies: how competition mattered
Authors:Gallego, Francisco A.ISNI
Woodberry, Robert
Periodical:Journal of African Economies (ISSN 0963-8024)
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Christian education
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/3/294.full.pdf
Abstract:The authors analyse how national identity, religion and institutions explain educational outcomes in former colonies by studying the effect of Christian missionaries in the past on current education in former colonies in Africa. Using regional data for about 180 African provinces, the authors find that measures of Protestant missionary activity in the past are more correlated with schooling variables today than similar measures of Catholic missionary activity, as previous papers have suggested. However, the authors find that this effect is mainly driven by differences in Catholic areas (i.e., areas in which Catholic missionaries were protected from competition from Protestant missionaries in the past). This is not surprising because most former Catholic colonies had a number of restrictions to the operation of Protestant missionaries that benefited Catholic missionaries. Therefore, the results are consistent with an economic rationale in which different rules created differences in competitive pressures faced by Catholic and Protestant missionaries. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]