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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Long-term determinants of deforestation in Ghana: the role of structural adjustment policies
Authors:Codjoe, Samuel Nii ArdeyISNI
Dzanku, Fred M.
Year:2009
Periodical:African Development Review (ISSN 1467-8268)
Volume:21
Issue:3
Pages:558-588
Language:English
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:deforestation
structural adjustment
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8268.2009.00223.x/pdf
Abstract:Prior to the 1980s, Ghana witnessed an alternating cycle of boom and scarcity, culminating in the introduction of structural adjustment policies (SAP) in the early 1980s. This paper uses data from the Ghana Forestry Services, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, FAO Yearbook of Forestry Products, Ghana Timber Marketing Board, Quarterly Digest of the Ghana Statistical Service, World Debt Tables, Bank of Ghana, IMF, COCOBOD and Ministry of Finance to examine the impact of SAP on deforestation in Ghana. The paper reveals a negative impact of structural adjustment on deforestation in Ghana through both direct and indirect channels. The most important channel of the effect of SAP on deforestation resulted from the conversion of forestland to crop farming, particularly cocoa farming, during the post-adjustment period. Even though wood extraction exhibited a negative impact on deforestation, the impact seemed relatively weaker than that of agricultural land use. In addition, while in the long run, deforestation tended to be more responsive to logging than agriculture, in the short run the elasticity of deforestation with respect to agriculture tended to be greater than that with respect to logging. Finally, agriculture was relatively more important in causing deforestation. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]
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