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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Darfur and the genocide debate
Author:Okolo, Simon BenISNI
Periodical:African Journal on Conflict Resolution (ISSN 1562-6997)
Geographic term:Sudan
international law
right of intervention
Darfur conflict
External link:https://www.accord.org.za/ajcr-issues/%ef%bf%bcdarfur-and-the-genocide-debate/
Abstract:The atrocities committed by the Government of Sudan backed Janjaweed militia in the ongoing conflict in Darfur have been labelled differently by analysts and scholars. While some argue that the crimes fall under the so-called crime of crimes - genocide, others are of the opinion that the crimes do not qualify as genocide. This paper looks at the Darfur situation through the lens of genocide. The legal framework on the crime of genocide sets the stage for the analysis; and the definitions provided by the Genocide Convention (Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide 1948) and the International Criminal Court Statute (Rome Statute) (1998) are used as the standard. According to these definitions, the paper argues that the atrocities as witnessed in Darfur constitute genocide, despite the international community's reluctance in acknowledging it. The responsibility of the international community to the civilian population of Darfur is discussed. While the international community is playing a 'labelling' game with the situation in Darfur, civilians continue to die. What should interest the civilians more is that the international community offers them the protection as articulated under the different international conventions. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]