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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethnicity, language, and cultural violence: Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda's Malawi, 1964-1994
Author:Mkandawire, BonaventureISNI
Periodical:The Society of Malawi Journal
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Malawi
Central Africa
Subjects:language policy
official languages
Chewa dialect
Tumbuka language
History, Archaeology
Malawi--Politics and government
Ethnicity--Political aspects
About person:Hastings Kamuzu Banda (ca1906-1997)ISNI
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/29783607
Abstract:This paper examines the cultural violence Malawi's president Banda's committed against Malawians when he censored languages of other ethnic groups than his own. During the period of his presidency (1964-1994), Hastings Kamuzu Banda's policies favoured his own ethnic group, Chewa, and language, ChiChewa, which he imposed on all Malawians, regardless of their ethnicity and language. Efforts were made to marginalize other ethnic languages, including ChiTumbuka, a 'lingua franca' of northern Malawi. The paper discusses language rights in two periods of Malawi's political history. First, it looks at the colonial period from 1930 to 1947, when there was a conflict between Livingstonia Mission and the Nyasaland government over the government's preference for ChiNyanja (ChiChewa) as the official language for the whole country. Second, following John Galtung's theory of cultural and structural violence, the paper examines Banda's linguistic and cultural violence. Notes, ref. [Journal abstract, edited]