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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State assistance to white freehold farmers in the Tuli Block and underdevelopment in adjacent areas, 1930-1966
Author:Morapedi, W.G.ISNI
Periodical:Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies (ISSN 0256-2316)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Botswana
South Africa
Southern Africa
Subjects:centre and periphery
agricultural policy
colonial period
History, Archaeology
Agricultural credit--Botswana--History
Abstract:Colonial State assistance to white settler farmers in the Tuli Block freehold farming area of Botswana promoted development and prosperity in the freehold farms, while simultaneously deepening underdevelopment in the peripheral black areas. The paper largely focuses on credit and other forms of assistance offered to farmers in the crop production sector. State assistance helped freehold farmers to establish themselves and accumulate cattle acquired from Africans in the peripheral areas. It was the depletion of these cattle, which constituted the mainstay of the economy of Africans, that resulted in the development of freehold farms and the underdevelopment of peripheral areas. The paper explores the chain of exploitation and concludes that colonial Botswana was an appendage of the South African economy, which in turn served as the region's economic powerhouse. Within Botswana, the chain of exploitation began in the most remote areas, African reserves, from which white farmers siphoned off surplus and transmitted it to the farms en route to South Africa. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]