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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State culture, building, and renewing the Botswana developmental State
Author:Maundeni, Z.ISNI
Periodical:Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies (ISSN 0256-2316)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Subjects:economic development
political ideologies
Botswana Democratic Party
Botswana--Politics and government
Abstract:Botswana inherited an ancient State culture that promoted coherent State institutions and focused on wealth creation and disciplined social forces, while it steered away from predatory politics by creating a small but effective administration. The postcolonial Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) State elite, who shared in the old Tswana culture but were bent on modernization, revolutionized State institutions from above. This involved the replacement of the tribal elite with a national elite who shared the same background, replacing ethnic institutions with republican and bureaucratic ones and modernizing State goals by enjoining developmental nationalism. The BDP political elite placed economic development at the level of an ideology, to be found even in its manifestos. However, the developmental State risked collapsing from factional fights that fragmented the ruling party. Change of leadership in 1998 fuelled factionalism and fragmentation. Another change of leadership in 2008 could signal the re-entry of developmental State values or their demise in the hands of retired generals. Bibliogr., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]