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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Explaining inter-ethnic harmony in Enugu city, south-eastern Nigeria, 1970-2003
Authors:Odoemene, AkachiISNI
Olaoba, Olufemi B.ISNI
Periodical:African Journal on Conflict Resolution (ISSN 1562-6997)
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:ethnic relations
urban society
Abstract:Ethnicity is a prominent feature in Nigeria's socioeconomic environment and is fervently exhibited within the context of the 'indigene-settler dichotomy'. As this encourages exclusivism, it has been a major factor responsible for violent conflicts across the country. While many urban spaces in the country have witnessed such conflicts, a few have not. This study examines the indigene-settler interrelations in Enugu to determine why and how the city sustained ethnic coexistence, cooperation and harmony since the end of the civil war (1967-1970). It demonstrates how, while ethnic attachment appeared to be strong, and while conflicts and occasional tensions did occur in the city, interethnic relationships were cordial and symbiotic. It identifies and interrogates cogent factors responsible for this trend. Despite optimism about Enugu's peaceful condition, however, it concludes that potential complications could emanate, as the factors responsible for Enugu's condition are amenable to change. Both primary and secondary sources (interviews focus group discussions, archival and secondary materials) were used within a multidisciplinary framework. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]