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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A re-appraisal of district administration in colonial Borno: a case study of Mobbar district of Borno emirate, 1902-1960
Author:Ali, Baba Gana Kachalla
Periodical:Annals of Borno (ISSN 0189-2207)
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
Great Britain
Subjects:indirect rule
local history
Abstract:British military occupation of Mobbar district in Borno emirate, northern Nigeria, was necessitated by the advance of the French and the Germans towards areas of British interest in West Africa, against the background of stiff competition for industrial growth and take-off in Europe. With the arrival of European powers in the Chad Basin area, the former Borno emirate witnessed a tripartite partition. Mobbar district and the entire Borno community switched from one foreign domination to another, i.e. from that of the Sudanese conqueror, Rabeh Ibn Fadallah, to that of the British colonial administration, which lasted until 1960. The period of British rule in Mobbar district saw many changes. The larger precolonial fiefs ruled by both Rabeh and the El-Kanemi Shehus were reorganized into a district system of administration. The El-Kanemi dynasty was restored and a native authority system of government was introduced in which district and village heads became the paramount agents of British rule and were paid a fixed amount of money as salary. The capital of Mobbar district was moved several times for reasons of size and access to water. Notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]