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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Determinants of poverty intensity among farming households in Borno State, Nigeria
Authors:Kwaghe, P.V.
Amaza, P.S.
Iheanacho, A.
Periodical:Annals of Borno (ISSN 0189-2207)
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
Subjects:rural poverty
rural households
Abstract:The present study models the determinants of poverty among farming households in Borno State, Nigeria. Using multistage sampling technique, 360 farming households were randomly sampled from 12 villages spread across six Local Government Areas of the three agro-ecological zones in the state (Guinea savannah, Sudan savannah, arid Sahel). Household income, expenditure, the value of free natural resources and information on household livelihood-related factors dominated the bulk of the data. A poverty line of 1,982.84 naira was estimated using the monthly mean per adult equivalent household expenditure. Based on the poverty line, 62 percent of the farming households were poor. The study concluded that different aspects of the farming household characteristics affected the intensity of poverty. Amongst the variables examined were gender of household head, child dependency ratio, adult dependency ratio, household size, number of extension contacts, off-farm income, access to improved farm inputs, type of labour used, season of crop production, type of agricultural enterprise, expenditure on health and distance to source of drinking water. It was also observed that 21 percent of the monthly mean per adult equivalent household expenditure was derived from the value of the free environmental resources consumed. The study recommends multiple anti-poverty strategies, the mainstreaming of environment into poverty alleviation strategies and targeting the most vulnerable households and regions. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]