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Title:Individual versus structurally racist schools: ethnographic findings at two previously Afrikaans primary schools in Johannesburg
Author:Marais, I.E.
Periodical:Africanus (ISSN 0304-615X)
Geographic term:South Africa
primary education
Abstract:With the advent of democracy in South Africa, education has undergone massive and necessary changes. For one, education moved from exclusionary on the basis of race to inclusionary of all races. However, has this meant the end of racism in South African schools? This paper focuses on occurrences of racism at two previously Afrikaans-only public primary schools in Johannesburg. Through an ethnographic study of these schools, the paper focuses on the expression of racism and compares structural and individual racism as witnessed at the schools. It finds that at one school structural racism continues through the actions of the principal, whilst at the other school individual racism is found in the school. The paper argues that one school is structurally racist, while the other has only a few individually racist teachers. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]