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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Die Suid-Afrikaanse sakegemeenskap se rol ten opsigte van politieke mobilisering in die aanloop tot 'n nuwe Suid-Afrika, 1980-1992
Authors:Hoogenraad-Vermaak, SalomonISNI
Verhoef, GrietjieISNI
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan (ISSN 0018-229X)
Geographic term:South Africa
political attitudes
political change
Abstract:The erosion of apartheid as political policy, a weakening economy, fear for a revolution and stronger cohesion within the business community caused the White business community to unite across cultural and racial divides to protect their interests. The Rubicon speech of 1985 acted as a trigger for business to embrace a political role. The Consultative Business Movement (CBM) was established and business started to mobilize openly against apartheid. Black business supported this mobilization, as they had an interest in a free market economy and a negotiated political settlement. The White business community influenced government to keep political reform on the agenda. This influence was substantial, given the importance of the White business community in stabilizing politics. Within the CBM, debate about the economy was shaped around identifying practical problems as to bar the adoption of solutions based on ideology. By adopting a bridge-building and a catalyst role, the CBM prepared business for change. The adopted consensus approach eased communication between economic role players and focused all role players on socioeconomic development. Through social involvement and social development, South African business demonstrated the suitability of the free-market system to address the grave economic inequalities of South Africa. Notes, ref., sum. in English and Afrikaans [Journal abstract]