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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Death 'on the move': funerals, entrepreneurs and the rural-urban nexus in South Africa
Author:Lee, RebekahISNI
Year:2011
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute (ISSN 0001-9720)
Volume:81
Issue:2
Pages:226-247
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:rural-urban migration
Xhosa
funerals
death rites
Links:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0001972011000040
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/africa_the_journal_of_the_international_african_institute/v081/81.2.lee.pdf
Abstract:This article primarily concerns the intersection of the changing management of death with the problems and possibilities presented by the growing mobility of the African, and specifically Xhosa-speaking, population in South Africa from the latter half of the twentieth century to the present day. The author is interested in how shifts in the practices and beliefs around death are mediated by individuals, households and businesses who have a historical affinity towards movement, particularly across what has been called the 'rural-urban nexus'. In what ways has this more mobile orientation influenced the perception of rites and responsibilities surrounding death? And how have more mobile 'ways of dying' in turn created new subjectivities and new ways in which to imagine relations between the living and the dead? The author argues that African funeral directors based in Cape Town and the rural areas of the Eastern Cape - a steadily more numerous and prominent group of entrepreneurs - are well-placed to shape these processes, through their role as cultural mediators and technological innovators, and their particular emphasis on maintaining a flow of bodies (both dead and alive) between rural and urban areas. She focuses on two aspects of contemporary South African funerals - embalming and exhumations - that are suggestive of how the migration dynamic, and the continuing demands from mobile mourners for innovations via the funeral industry, have encouraged new perceptions of and relations to the dead body. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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