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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Military combat work: the reconstitution of the ANC's armed underground, 1971-1976
Author:Simpson, ThulaISNI
Periodical:African Studies (ISSN 1469-2872)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:African National Congress (South Africa)
anti-apartheid resistance
military education
Abstract:This article describes the African National Congress (ANC) underground in South Africa in the years immediately preceding the 1976 Soweto uprising. It makes three main contributions to the existing literature on the topic. The first is primarily descriptive, and involves providing greater detail than has hitherto been offered on the ANC's clandestine organizational presence in neighbouring Swaziland, Mozambique and Tanzania that facilitated the revival of the underground in South Africa. The other two are of value in analysing the longer history of the ANC's armed struggle: firstly, the article describes Military Combat Work, the training regime offered to Umkhonto we Sizwe cadres in the Soviet Union, and which formed the template that was to guide the prosecution of the armed struggle in future years. The second involves backdating to the pre-Soweto uprising period, many of the challenges facing the armed struggle that historians have hitherto characterized as being a post-June 1976 phenomenon. The article describes the challenges the ANC in exile faced hosting the hundreds of cadres that joined its ranks after recruiting work within South Africa began in the early to mid-1970s. Bibliogr., ref., sum. [Journal abstract]