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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Justice in the community
Author:Kulusika, Simon E.ISNI
Periodical:Zambia Law Journal (ISSN 1027-7862)
Geographic term:Zambia
criminal law
Abstract:The punishments which the courts of Zambia may inflict on persons convicted for criminal offences are set out under s. 24 of the Penal Code and include death, imprisonment, or an order for community service, fine, forfeiture, payment of compensation and deportation. The order for community service was introduced in 2000, thereby adding a new social dimension to the search for a more humane way of dealing with criminal offenders, in line with utilitarian theories of punishment where deterrence or rehabilitation, rather than retribution, are the overriding consideration. The most eloquent criticism of community service in Zambia is that its implementation and enforcement have been progressing at a slow pace, and that community service remains ineffective. Part of the problem can be attributed to the perceptions and attitudes of magistrates and judges. There is a lack of clear understanding of the nature, aims and viability of community service. The aims of a community service order are not expressed in clear enough terms to be accessible to the court, the lawyers and the public. The efficient implementation of community service orders will be achieved by education and training of the magistrates and judges authorized to determine and deliver the programmes of community service in Zambia. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]