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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Nigeria's Fourth Republic and the challenge of a faltering democratization
Author:Yagboyaju, Dhikru AdewaleISNI
Periodical:African Studies Quarterly (ISSN 1093-2658)
Geographic term:Nigeria
External link:http://asq.africa.ufl.edu/files/Book-Reviews-V12Is3.pdf
Abstract:Nigeria's present democratization, which culminated in the country's Fourth Republic on May 29, 1999, started amidst great hope and expectations. Although the military regime that mid-wived the process could not significantly convince the generality of the citizens of its success, a huge section of the populace still believed it could herald the dawn of good governance in the country. Disturbingly, twelve years after the commencement of democratization in Nigeria the political landscape has yet to show clear evidence of good governance. The rule of law is merely pronounced, elections and electoral processes are subverted, and political parties and other important public institutions are manipulated in favour of the privileged few. This essay critically examines the probable sources and dimensions of the impediments confronting the democratic desires of Nigeria and its people, who often proclaim their preference for democracy. The research methodology is both descriptive and analytical, while the framework of analysis is eclectic. It combines the explanations offered in Max Weber's (1975) concept of patrimonialism with others, such as P. Ekeh's 'two publics' (1975), the prebendalist perspective of R. Joseph (1991) and the World Bank's 'State capture' (2000). In conclusion, it suggests that the State and its institutions in Nigeria need to be strengthened for democracy to thrive in this country. In light of this, it is noted that although the role of leaders or 'who' is in charge cannot be underestimated, the 'how' should be emphasized more. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]