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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Negative impact of community development through community-based wildlife conservation: from the case of Kimana Sanctuary, southern Kenya
Author:Meguro, Toshio
Periodical:Mila: a Journal of the Institute of African Studies (ISSN 1015-6178)
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:wildlife protection
community participation
communal lands
Abstract:Today, theories about wildlife conservation emphasize the importance of local participation and decentralization, and wildlife benefits are regarded as an incentive for local people to join the conservation effort. In Kenya, where more than three-quarters of wildlife habitat is outside protected areas, community-based conservation has been initiated on community lands. Kimana Sanctuary, established in 1996, was a flagship case. At first, the sanctuary was managed by local people, but because of the meagre benefits obtained, it was leased to a tourism company after four years. With the change in management, the community received an increase in benefits and achieved local development in the form of land subdivision and the adoption of agriculture. While the people understood the value of wildlife for tourism, they did not agree with wildlife roaming on their lands. Community-based conservation assumed three factors: empowerment, benefits and local initiative in wildlife conservation. Of these, only benefits have been achieved. Local empowerment for the management of the sanctuary was insufficient, and the people did not accept wildlife conservation on their lands. Receiving the benefits of wildlife conservation without participation in practical activities, the local people had little sense of ownership and no idea of the necessity of local conservation initiatives. To realize collaboration between the locals and outsiders, consensus on conservation outside protected areas and provisions against wildlife damage are essential. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]