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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Our struggle and its goals': a controversial Eritrean manifesto
Authors:Weldehaimanot, SimonISNI
Taylor, Emily
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy (ISSN 0305-6244)
Geographic terms:Eritrea
Subjects:national liberation struggles
political history
declarations (form)
Abstract:Ethiopia's unilateral annexation of Eritrea took place in the second half of the 1950s in breach of the latter's status as 'an autonomous unit federated with Ethiopia under the sovereignty of the Ethiopian Crown'. The first to rise militarily were Muslims of the western lowlands of Eritrea who, in 1961, launched the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF). A few years later, the ELF ruptured into many factions, one of which was led by the author of the manifesto under consideration in this article, and which later became the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF). Issued in 1971, 'Our struggle and its goals' is commonly known as 'NHnan Elamanan', its title in Tigrinya, one of the nine languages in Eritrea, in which it was originally written. 'Our struggle and its goals' is a controversial manifesto in Eritrea's political history. For some Eritreans, it is a malevolent document that has produced an unexpected sectarian project with disastrous consequences. For others, it is one of the best political documents ever written in the history of the Eritrean struggle. To make the manifesto easily available to researchers, an English translation is provided in this article, following a short explanatory note. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]