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Title:Ostracism and common pool resource management in a developing country: young fishers in the laboratory
Authors:Akpalu, WisdomISNI
Martinsson, PeterISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Economies (ISSN 0963-8024)
Geographic term:Ghana
social control
natural resource management
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/2/266.full.pdf
Abstract:Common pool resources, such as fish stocks, grazing lands and forest stocks could be overexploited, if not properly managed. This paper investigates how the possibility to ostracize, which is a familiar punishment mechanism to subjects in the experiment, affects harvest in a common pool resource experiment. The experiment was framed as a fishing problem and the subjects were young fishers in Ghana. The paper finds that the introduction of the possibility to ostracize other members of a group at a cost to the remaining members of the group decreased overfishing significantly in comparison with a situation where ostracism was not possible. The ostracism was based on at least 50 percent voting rule. Moreover, the subjects demonstrated a strong desire to ostracize those who overfished. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]