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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Citizenship and the logic of sovereignty in Djibouti
Author:Bezabeh, Samson A.ISNI
Year:2011
Periodical:African affairs: the journal of the Royal African Society (ISSN 0001-9909)
Volume:110
Issue:441
Pages:587-606
Language:English
Geographic term:Djibouti
Subject:citizenship
Link:http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=4349823F88970AEEB173
Abstract:This article investigates the dynamics and politics of citizenship in Djibouti, where the issue of who qualifies as a citizen has long been controversial. While debates about citizenship and exclusion in Africa frequently centre on the legacies of colonialism and the incompleteness of the African State, this article attributes the problems of citizenship to the logic of sovereignty and the nature of the modern State. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, the article shows how Djiboutian citizenship in both the colonial and postcolonial era can be seen as graduated, assigning some groups more rights and protection than others. For those near the bottom of this ladder, the rights of citizenship do not emanate solely from legal frameworks, but from incorporation into patron-client relationships. There is also a large population who are systematically denied citizenship, and who through various practices of exclusion are reduced to 'bare life' and statelessness. No official statistics exist to document their numbers, and the article draws on interviews to illustrate the problems faced by Djibouti's stateless population. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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