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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Kwame Nkrumah, disability, and rehabilitation in Ghana, 1957-66
Author:Grischow, Jeff D.ISNI
Year:2011
Periodical:The Journal of African History (ISSN 0021-8537)
Volume:52
Issue:2
Pages:179-199
Language:English
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:disabled
social policy
reintegration
employment
1960-1969
About person:Francis Nwia Kofie Nkrumah (1909-1972)ISNI
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/23017675
Abstract:This article examines a rehabilitation programme for disabled Ghanaians developed by Kwame Nkrumah's government between 1961 and 1966. Arising at a time when Nkrumah was moving away from welfarism in favour of a 'big push' for industrialization, rehabilitation sought to integrate disabled citizens into the national economy as productive workers. Nkrumah's programme was preceded by a colonial rehabilitation project during the 1940s for disabled African soldiers. The colonial initiative drew heavily on the British model of social orthopaedics, which equated citizenship with work. This philosophy resonated with Nkrumah's vision of national development based on full employment. Although its economic focus had troubling implications for citizenship and welfare, Nkrumah's rehabilitation programme was unique among newly independent African states, and it arguably produced a positive legacy. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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