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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Water infrastructure and food security linkages in three selected regions of Ethiopia
Author:Tafesse, TesfayeISNI
Year:2012
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Volume:28
Issue:1
Pages:27-58
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:water supply
irrigation
food security
Link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/eastern_africa_social_science_research_review/v028/28.1.tafesse.pdf
Abstract:Access to water infrastructure reduces the exposure of people to a variety of diseases. In addition, it can reduce the time of hauling water by women, thereby increasing their productivity and status. This study considers two important variations of water infrastructure - domestic water supply schemes and irrigation - that affect food security in Ethiopia. Three regions that fall within the Ethiopian portion of the Nile Basin, namely Amhara, Oromia and Tigrai, were purposively selected. Data and information pertaining to food security situations and the status of domestic water supply and irrigation for all zones in the three selected regions were collected. Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used to analyse the data. The findings of the study show that food security status in the three regions studied is generally low and varies considerably from zone to zone and from region to region. The study also establishes the existence of strong linkages between water infrastructure and food security in Ethiopia. There are a relatively lower number of food insecure people in areas where access to water supply and irrigation agriculture is easier. This implies the need for policy interventions that can help in upgrading and expanding water infrastructure, adopting an integrated food security and infrastructure development approach, maintaining the existing water schemes, and universalizing water coverage in Ethiopia. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]
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