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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Murid order and its 'doctrine of work'
Author:Kariya, KotaISNI
Year:2012
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa (ISSN 0022-4200)
Volume:42
Issue:1
Pages:54-75
Language:English
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:Muslim brotherhoods
Sufism
marabouts
About person:Ahmadu Bamba (c. 1850-1927)
Link:https://doi.org/10.1163/157006612X629041
Abstract:The Murid order was founded by Ahmad Bamba (d. 1927) at the end of the nineteenth century in the area corresponding to the western region of contemporary Senegal. Many scholars have referred to a characteristic item of faith in this order, known as the 'doctrine of work'. Broadly speaking, this doctrine states that Murid disciples' gratuitous work for their masters is sanctified, and that such disciples are guaranteed a place in Paradise in the next world. It appears that contemporary Murids continue to adhere to this doctrine that connects work to future salvation; moreover, this teaching occasionally leads to the surprising view that disciples can substitute their labour, which benefits their masters, for religious obligations such as prayer and fasting. However, it remains questionable whether the doctrine can be attributed to Bamba. On the basis of a review of studies that refer to the doctrine and an analysis of Bamba's writings and other Arabic works, this paper indicates problems that result from insisting on a relationship between the doctrine and Bamba's thoughts without citing appropriate sources, as well as from a biased interpretation of his passages. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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