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Title:David against Goliath in Côte d'Ivoire? Laurent Gbagbo's war against global governance
Author:Piccolino, GiuliaISNI
Year:2012
Periodical:African affairs: the journal of the Royal African Society (ISSN 0001-9909)
Volume:111
Issue:442
Pages:1-23
Language:English
Geographic term:Ivory Coast - Côte d'Ivoire
Subjects:political conflicts
nationalism
foreign intervention
2000-2009
About person:Laurent Koudou Gbagbo (1945-)ISNI
Link:http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=4FEF980A12619F36BFA0
Abstract:While a doctrine of liberal interventionism seems to be gaining acceptance, it remains constrained by the resilience of State sovereignty and by the resistance of internal elites to externally driven prescriptions. This article looks at Côte d'Ivoire's tortuous peace process and at the recent post-electoral crisis, exploring how former Ivoirian President Laurent Gbagbo developed strategies for neutralizing the threat that international peacemaking and peacekeeping intervention posed to his rule. It is argued that a particular ideological discourse played a crucial role in Gbagbo's struggle against 'global governance'. Such a discourse combined the legalistic exaltation of State sovereignty, a fierce anticolonial nationalism, and religious overtones in portraying the Ivoirian crisis as a 'war of second independence' against a wide range of international enemies. While nationalist rhetoric had been toned down after the conclusion of the Ouagadougou Political Agreement in 2007, the confrontation between Gbagbo and the international community reignited during the 2010-2011 post-electoral crisis. A series of new developments - in particular the UN's certification mandate - rendered Gbagbo's political tactics and the recourse to nationalism ineffective and contributed to his fall. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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