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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Postcolonial realism: Tanganyika's foreign policy under Nyerere, 1960-1963
Author:Bjerk, PaulISNI
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies (ISSN 0361-7882)
Geographic terms:Tanzania
Southern Africa
Subjects:foreign policy
national liberation struggles
heads of State
About person:Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922-1999)ISNI
Abstract:This paper looks at Tanganyika's (present-day Tanzania) foreign policy under Nyerere from 1960 to 1963. Nyerere's foreign policy aims for this period were to expand sovereign power in Africa by building bigger, stronger political units through regional cooperation and by unifying African efforts to liberate the white-minority-ruled areas of Southern Africa. Tanganyika was the leader of this effort, and the success of the liberation effort required that Tanganyika be stable and secure, both internally and externally. In Nyerere's understanding, this very stability required both regional federation and Southern African liberation. Abroad, his advocacy for practicality in regards to pan-Africanism and his eloquent diplomacy brought him accolades. His international reputation conferred upon Tanganyika a freedom of action in the international sphere that other recently independent countries did not enjoy. Ideology was Nyerere's articulation of national interest, and his foreign policy was fundamentally realist in its orientation as he pursued Tanganyika's sovereign interests with a tactical prudence throughout his tenure. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]