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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The role of visiting Indian Hindu missionaries in their attempts to 'reform' Hinduism in South Africa, 1933-1935
Author:Gopalan, Karthigasen
Year:2012
Periodical:South African Historical Journal (ISSN 0258-2473)
Volume:64
Issue:2
Pages:273-294
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:Hinduism
missions
Indians
1930-1939
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02582473.2011.647319
Abstract:This paper examines the role of travelling Hindu missionaries in South Africa, whose countrywide lectures helped to draw support for the revival of the then dormant national body for Hindus, Maha Sabha, in 1934. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, Hindu Arya Samaj missionaries began arriving in the country to propagate Hinduism and promote the reformist message. Not much is known about their work in South Africa. This paper tries to fill this gap. Particular attention is paid to Pandit Mehta Jaimini, Swami Adhyananda, and Pandit Anandpriya and the Baroda Girl Guides. These missionaries were very popular in South Africa and thousands attended the lectures that they conducted throughout the country. They were also crucial in motivating local Hindu leaders to establish bodies to unite the heterogeneous group of Hindus and overcome sectional divisions. The paper looks at the message they tried to communicate and how they saw the position of Hindus and Indians in South Africa. It also addresses some of the ways in which South Africans responded to the missionaries. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]
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