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Title:From destruction to extermination: genocidal escalation in Germany's war against the Herero, 1904
Author:Häussler, Matthias
Year:2011
Periodical:Journal of Namibian Studies (ISSN 1863-5954)
Issue:10
Pages:55-81
Language:English
Geographic terms:Namibia
Germany
Subjects:genocide
Herero revolt
military operations
Herero
historiography
colonial history
Abstract:In this discussion of the war between the Ovaherero and the German Empire in Namibia in 1904 the hitherto accepted notion of a genocidal strategy, planned and executed by the Germans right from the beginning of the war until its bitter end is refuted as teleological. New positions in genocide studies and the emergence of hitherto ignored and new material challenge this conventional wisdom. The war and its gradually escalating violence are argued to be the result of the total failure of German strategy. A 'genocidal war of pacification', rather than a genocide ensued. The author first critiques Horst Drechsler's classical variant of the genocide hypothesis (1966). Next, he looks at Henrik Lundtofte's refined 2003 version of this hypothesis to conclude with his own interpretation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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