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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Camel herders, middlewomen, and urban milk bars: the commodification of camel milk in Kenya
Editor:Anderson, David M.
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Studies (ISSN 1753-1055)
Geographic term:Kenya
women traders
marketing cooperatives
food trade
Abstract:Camel dairy products have long been recognized as important in pastoralist livelihoods in northern Kenya, but only in recent years has camel milk been marketed commercially in the urban centres of the region. This article charts the commodification of camel milk in Isiolo, considering the evolution from simple urban hawking, led by female vendors, to commercial retail sales and international exports involving investment of higher levels of capital. Gender labour dynamics, and capital investment, emerge as critical themes in this story of camel milk's commodification. The formalization and regularization of camel milk sales has inevitably led to a requirement for greater professionalization and firmer control of production, moving away from the itinerant women who initially pioneered the commodification and towards camel owners who have greater levels of education and who are better able to capitalize the trade. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]