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Title:New seeds, gender norms and labor dynamics in Hoima District, Uganda
Authors:Lodin, Johanna Bergman
Paulson, SusanISNI
Mugenyi, Milly SenogaISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Studies (ISSN 1753-1063)
Geographic term:Uganda
Subjects:farm management
gender division of labour
agricultural innovations
small farms
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17531055.2012.696889
Abstract:NERICA is a new group of high-yielding and stress-tolerant upland rice varieties developed by the Africa Rice Centre. For smallholder women and men farmers, NERICA offers an economic opportunity in terms of cash income that for many goes unmatched. However, the adoption of NERICA is also changing the production strategies of many Ugandan households, particularly gendered labour dynamics, with consequences for grower household members' individual well-being. This article examines processes leading to NERICA-related changes in smallholder households in Hoima District, Uganda. Findings reveal that, while households that have adopted NERICA have become better off in economic terms, the extreme labour burden that NERICA demands in bird scaring and weeding affects women and children's well-being negatively by exacerbating their lack of time and energy expense. The article makes a case for more comprehensive assessments of agricultural intensification processes that involve diffusion of new production technology, arguing that such assessments should also contain an analysis of gendered labour dynamics within households. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]