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Title:'Every name has its path': imagining and achieving Fulbe entanglement in a Moose community
Author:Breusers, MarkISNI
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute (ISSN 0001-9720)
Geographic term:Burkina Faso
ethnic relations
pregnancy rites
birth rites
Abstract:Given the observed agro-pastoralization of livelihoods of both Moose 'farmers' and Fulbe 'herdsmen', interactions between both groups living in Burkina Faso's north-central region are usually interpreted in terms of vanishing symbiosis and increasing tension along ethnic lines. There is, however, a remainder to this equation, namely the cattle Moose entrust to Fulbe. This article looks into Fulbe involvement in solving Moose fecundity problems to elucidate the nature of the relationships in which cattle entrustment is embedded. It is argued that Moose ideas about the other world and its intervention in procreation and constituting personhood allow imagining an extension of Moose societal relations beyond conventional community boundaries, that is, including Fulbe. This extension can be subsequently - but not necessarily - effectuated through the establishment and performance of spiritual kinship in which cattle owned by Moose can be embedded. The divergent extent to which sustained Moose-Fulbe relations result is explained in terms of social controversy regarding agro-pastoralization of livelihoods accompanied by differential cattle accumulation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]