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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Conflict and environmental insecurity in the North Kivu Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo
Author:Koko, SadikiISNI
Year:2011
Periodical:African Journal on Conflict Resolution (ISSN 1562-6997)
Volume:11
Issue:3
Pages:87-110
Language:English
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:regional security
war
environmental management
land scarcity
land conflicts
population policy
Link:https://www.accord.org.za/ajcr-issues/conflict-and-environmental-insecurity-in-the-north-kivu-province-of-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo/
Abstract:Despite receiving much attention in literature, the ongoing conflict in North Kivu, of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), has yet to be systematically studied with respect to its impact on environmental security. This paper seeks to contribute toward filling this gap. It argues that, notwithstanding natural factors such as the volcanoes - and social ills caused by poverty, unemployment and underdevelopment - environmental insecurity in North Kivu is caused by the 'relative scarcity' of land. The land crisis is aggravated by land ownership systems, demographic pressure, unregulated migrations and related identity disputes, short-sighted State policies and involvement by neighbouring polities; all of which set the stage for cyclic violent conflicts. In order to break this vicious circle, the article calls for the emergence of a strong and brave political leadership in the DRC as well as in the region, capable of establishing political, social and economic policies conducive to addressing the roots of the problems. Bibliogr., notes, ref, sum. [Journal abstract]
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