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Title:South Africa in climate negotiations: challenges from Copenhagen via Cancún to Durban 9/12
Author:Nhamo, GodwellISNI
Periodical:International Journal of African Renaissance Studies (ISSN 1818-6874)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:climate change
international agreements
North-South relations
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/18186874.2011.650845
Abstract:South Africa surprised many when it pledged to reduce emissions by 34 percent in 2020 and 42 percent in 2025 a day before the Copenhagen Climate Summit of December 2009 (COP15). The position taken by South Africa was in conflict with that of the Africa Group. South Africa was also involved in crafting the Copenhagen Accord, a political agreement concluded outside the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to address the interests of a few countries, including Brazil, China, India and the USA. Leading to COP16 in Cancún 2010, South Africa forged a tripartite alliance with Denmark and Mexico in order to push for a solid foundation for COP17, that took place in Durban in 2011. To tease out the thinking with regard to expectations for COP17, South Africa called for a wish list from negotiating parties that were meeting in Bonn in June 2011. The views that emerged from the Bonn meeting show that South Africa has a big challenge in bridging the gap between the developed and developing countries. This article analyses South Africa's role in climate negotiations with a view to presenting the challenges - from Copenhagen 2009, via Cancún 2010, to Durban 2011. The work also argues that being the host of COP17 implies that South Africa's role in climate negotiations was more focused on facilitation. The world expected a breakthrough in Durban, especially regarding the second Kyoto Protocol commitment period. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]