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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African research and development surveys: highlights from the South African success story
Authors:Parker, Saahier
Vlotman, NatalieISNI
Year:2011
Periodical:International Journal of African Renaissance Studies (ISSN 1818-6874)
Volume:6
Issue:1
Pages:121-140
Language:English
Geographic terms:Africa
South Africa
Subjects:science and technology
research
surveys
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/18186874.2011.592398
Abstract:Science and technology (S&T) have a major role to play in current and future developments on the African continent as a whole. Key to developing an integrated science and technology network, within and across nations, is firstly to understand the extent of research and development (R&D) currently undertaken within individual territories and on the continent as a whole. In light of this, the article examines the value and importance of national surveys of research and experimental development undertaken in Africa. The article explores the limited data from selected African R&D surveys in an attempt to understand measurement issues that exist and to detail the value and importance of mapping S&T systems and their applications to developmental issues in Africa. In countries like Algeria, Angola, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia, where S&T systems exist, effective means of measurement need to be established, so that the power of these systems can be harnessed, shared and exploited to benefit the African people. To this end, the African Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (ASTII) initiative was set up in December 2009 at a meeting in Addis Ababa with the aim of delivering a survey of these countries' R&D output and potential. At the forefront of African R&D measurement is the South African national R&D survey, administered by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC). Being an established survey, the South African team is often called upon by other African nations to support the setting up of surveys. The HSRC also trains visiting African scientists in the delivery of accurate and reliable R&D survey data. The article presents detailed results of the most recent South African national R&D survey (2008/2009), together with a trend analysis of historic South African R&D surveys. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]
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