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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Latent class analysis of reproductive decision making in Zambia
Authors:Pillai, Vijayan K.ISNI
Opollo, DianaISNI
Periodical:African and Asian Studies (ISSN 1569-2094)
Geographic term:Zambia
family planning
External link:https://doi.org/10.1163/15692108-12341238
Abstract:The first step in a transition to birth control involves making calculated choices with respect to fertility and use of contraception (Coale, 1973). As women become aware of the fertility choices, they are likely to seek information and become engaged in reproductive decision making. This study examines the strategies and approaches to fertility decision making of women in Zambia. The sample for the study is composed of women from 163 households in two low-income neighbourhoods in Kitwe. The technique of latent class analysis is used for identifying the presence of distinct strategies with respect to birth control. Though a more heterogenous picture was expected, only two latent classes (groups with distinct strategies) were identified. One group (56 percent of the respondents) is composed of women who engage in spousal communication with respect to the number of children desired and the timing of fertility. They take advice from others on reproductive issues and are aware of the high cost of raising children. The other group (44 percent) is composed of women who clearly prefer to have as many children as possible. Only a small proportion of women in this group discuss fertility issues with their husbands, and compared to the women in the first group, they are less likely to seek advice from others about spacing methods and desirable birth intervals. Women in this group are split on the issue of the cost of raising children. The odds for women with four or more years of education in being in the first group (the latent class of 'active birth planning') is about 2.2 times the odds for women with less than four years of education. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]