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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Guerrilla wars and colonial concentration camps: the exceptional case of German South West Africa (1904 - 1908)
Author:Kreienbaum, JonasISNI
Periodical:Journal of Namibian Studies (ISSN 1863-5954)
Geographic term:Namibia
Subjects:concentration camps
Abstract:The article argues that the concentration camps in German South West Africa were established for different reasons than the contemporary camps in other colonial territories where civilians were concentrated in the course of colonial wars. Unlike in South Africa, Cuba or the Philippines, concentration in GSWA was not about isolating civilians from guerrillas in order to cut the latter off from their support. The camps in GSWA were designed to punish insurgents, to pacify the colony, mainly by controlling former fighters, and to serve as a reservoir of forced labour. These differences in purpose were the result of structurally different conditions in the German colonial war, which made the separation of guerrillas from civilians obsolete. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]