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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Resource-based conflict at the local level in a changing national environment: the case of Zimbabwe's Mafungautsi State Forest
Authors:Maravanyika, Simeon
Mutimukuru-Maravanyika, TendayiISNI
Periodical:African Economic History (ISSN 0145-2258)
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:land conflicts
national parks and reserves
forest management
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/41756123
Abstract:This contribution examines resource-based conflict at a microlevel in Zimbabwe in the context of broader socioeconomic and political developemts at the national level. It focuses specifically on the case of Mafungautsi State Forest, located in the Midlands Province's Gokwe South district. When Mafungautsi was gazetted in 1953, communities who resided in the forest were allowed to remain as tenants on the condition that they confined themselves to already occupied areas. The decline of the forest began in the 1960s due to local dissatisfaction with the way in which it was administered by the Forestry Commission. Local communities were forced to move from their ancestral land, and hunting and the harvesting of forest products was prohibited. Another source of conflict over Mafungautsi was related to the migration of people from other parts of the country into the Gokwe area due to land hunger. But conflict accelerated at an unprecedented rate with the land redistribution campaign and the resulting land invasions of 2000. The way forward with regard to the management of invaded State forests like Mafungautsi could include the resettling of new settlers, de-gazetting some portions of the forest, and strengthening the co-management pilot project that was initiated earlier. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]