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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Free market economy, 'developmental State' and party-State hegemony in Ethiopia: the case of the 'model farmers'
Author:Lefort, RenéISNI
Year:2012
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies (ISSN 0022-278X)
Volume:50
Issue:4
Pages:681-706
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:agricultural policy
agricultural extension
market economy
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Abstract:Ethiopia's development strategy rests on the promotion of a market economy, driven by 'new entrepreneurs', both urban and rural, while, to bring it to 'maturity' and to compensate for its present 'failures', the resolute intervention of a 'developmental State' is essential. Simultaneously, the ruling party aims to sustain its political hegemony by recruiting massively among those at the top of the social pyramid, to which most of these 'new entrepreneurs' belong, so as to build its new constituency based on them. In the rural areas (which hold 83 percent of the population), the merger of these two objectives leads to the mobilization of the upper group of smallholder farmers, recruited both as 'model farmers' to become the engine for growth, notably with the support of a massive public Agricultural Extension Programme, and also as members of the ruling party. However, the subordination of the regime's economic objectives to its political agenda undermines the implementation of its development strategy at the field level. This raises questions about the efficiency of the programme and the room left for entrepreneurship, even though this is a mainstay of the market economy that the regime sees as 'vital' for Ethiopia's 'survival'. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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