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Title:Child labour and schooling responses to production and health shocks in northern Mali
Author:Dillon, Andrew
Periodical:Journal of African Economies (ISSN 0963-8024)
Geographic term:Mali
Subject:child labour
Abstract:This paper investigates the effect of shocks on children's time in school, home production and market production at the extensive and intensive margins based on data collected in a multi-topic household survey conducted in northern Mali in the regions of Tombouctou and Gao from February to October 2006. Production shocks increase the probability of withdrawal from school by 11 percent and participation in farm work by 24 percent, but have no effects on children's intensive margin. Health shocks to men and women increase children's hours worked in household enterprises and child care, respectively. These results suggest that households adjust child labour in response to unexpected events at the extensive or the intensive margin, depending on task. This task-specific data provides evidence that children are complementary to adult labour in agriculture, but substitutes to adult labour in child care. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]