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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Least developed countries and market accessibility rules for agro-food exports: a case study of Tanzania
Author:Gamba, KulwaISNI
Periodical:Journal of African and international law (ISSN 1821-620X)
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:agricultural trade
food controls
trade restrictions
food exports
Abstract:This research scrutinizes the World Trade Organization (WTO) trade regime with specific binding commitments regarding market accessibility in relation to food agricultural exports from the least developed countries to the developed countries. Principally the agricultural trade rules of the WTO have required the liberalization of developed country access to least developed countries' markets, but developed countries have not reciprocated by opening their markets enough to agricultural products from the least developed countries. Tariffs and nontariff barriers levied by developed countries on products from least developed countries increase the final product price and most of the time these goods have failed to access the markets in the developed world. A successful market strategy is therefore essential in delivering the objective of free and fair markets with greater competition for business, consumers, and employees. This paper uses Tanzania, among other countries, as an example regarding its food agricultural exports. Tanzania has engaged in agricultural liberalization since the mid 1980s with reforms including price incentives and efficient marketing. Because agriculture is considered the backbone of the economy, an overview and analysis of the sector is discussed with particular reference to market access, future trade strategies, and trade development. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]