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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The hajj from West Africa from a global historical perspective (19th and 20th centuries)
Author:Lecocq, BazISNI
Periodical:African Diaspora: a Journal of Transnational Africa in a Global World (ISSN 1872-5457)
Geographic terms:West Africa
External link:https://hdl.handle.net/10.1163/18725457-12341237
Abstract:Over the last few years, on average, 2,1 million people per year performed the hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca. These millions stand in contrast to the number of pilgrims who visited Mecca half a century ago. Until 1946 roughly 60,000 pilgrims visited Mecca annually, with at least half of these coming from the Arabian Peninsula. Today Saudi nationals make up about a quarter of all pilgrims.This article looks from a world historical perspective at the interconnected reasons for the spectacular growth of the hajj in the last fifty years, focusing on the West African Sahel in the 19th and 20th centuries. It sketches how State rule, changing economies, motorized mass transport, and religion are interconnected phenomena, all shaped by and giving shape to world historical events in the Muslim world, including the hajj. The focus is largely on the changing demography and social geography of the pilgrimage journey to Mecca as performed by pilgrims from the Sahel, and the changing significance of this journey in their lives. Bibliogr., fig., notes, ref. sum. in English and French, tab. [Journal abstract, edited]