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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Livelihood activities of migrants from Ghana's northern regions resident in the Obuasi and Techiman municipalities
Authors:Tanle, AugustineISNI
Awusabo-Asare, KofiISNI
Year:2012
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Volume:27
Issue:2
Pages:113-137
Language:English
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:livelihoods
migrants
poverty reduction
economic behaviour
Abstract:With migration being one of the strategies adopted for poverty reduction, livelihood activities of migrants have become a topic of particular interest. One of the key issues relates to whether at their destination, migrants maintain the same livelihood activities of their places of origin or if they engage in entirely different ventures. Using the DFID Sustainable Livelihood Framework, this paper examines the livelihood activities of Ghanaians who migrate from the northern parts of the country to two municipal areas in the south. Some 508 migrants who were heads of households (HH) participated in the study in the two selected municipalities. The results indicated that prior to migration, the main livelihood activity of these migrants had been agriculture but at their destinations they were mostly engaged in non-agricultural activities such as petty trade, employment in the civil service, and working in the mining sector. It emerged that the background characteristics of migrants, to a great extent, influenced their choice of livelihood activities at their destination. The differences in terms of livelihood activities engaged in at the places of origin and those at their destination could be attributed to differences in 'livelihood capitals' and levels of socioeconomic development between the northern and southern parts of the country. The findings of this paper have implications for population distribution, occupational mobility and patterns of socioeconomic development across Ghana. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]
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