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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Communal conflict, civil war, and the State: complexities, connections, and the case of Sudan
Authors:Brosché, JohanISNI
Elfversson, Emma
Periodical:African Journal on Conflict Resolution (ISSN 1562-6997)
Geographic terms:Sudan
South Sudan
Subjects:civil wars
Darfur conflict
External link:https://www.accord.org.za/ajcr-issues/%ef%bf%bccommunal-conflict-civil-war-and-the-state/
Abstract:This article analyses communal conflict, defined as violent conflict between non-State groups that are organized along a shared communal identity, and how such conflicts relate to State-based violence. The authors argue that a deeper understanding of communal conflicts, the different types of dynamics and conflict issues, and the complex connections between communal conflicts and other forms of organized violence is necessary for better informed policy interventions. Some empirical trends are discussed on the basis of data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP). The argument is illustrated through a case study of Sudan. Since its independence in 1956, Sudan has witnessed two civil wars primarily located in the South (1963-1972 and 1983-2005) and one civil war in the Darfur region (2003-). In all these wars communal conflicts and State-based conflicts were intertwined. The authors argue that communal conflicts need to be taken into account both when signing a peace agreement and in the post-conflict situation, to avoid the risk of violence to re-emerge. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]