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Title:Climate change vulnerability in Ethiopia: disaggregation of Tigray Region
Authors:Gebrehiwot, Tagel
Veen, Anne van derISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Studies (ISSN 1753-1063)
Geographic term:Ethiopia
climate change
social conditions
regional disparity
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17531055.2013.817162
Abstract:Climate change and variability severely affect rural livelihoods and agricultural productivity, and they are causes of stress with which rural households have to cope. This paper investigates farming communities' vulnerability to climate change and climate variability across 34 agricultural-based districts in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. It consideres 24 biophysical and socio-economic indicators to reflect the three components of climate change vulnerability: exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. A framework is used that combines exposure and sensitivity to produce potential impact, which is then compared with adaptive capacity in order to yield an overall measure of vulnerability. The classic statistical technique of factor analysis is applied to generate weights for the different indicators and an overall vulnerability index is constructed for the 34 rural districts. The analysis reveals that the districts deemed to be most vulnerable to climate change and variability overlap with the most vulnerable populations. The most exposed farming communities show a relatively low capacity for adaptation. The study further shows that vulnerability to climate change and variability is basically linked to social and economic developments. Bibliogr., ref., sum. [Journal abstract]