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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:South Sudan and the nation-building project: lessons and challenges
Author:Zambakari, Christopher
Year:2013
Periodical:International Journal of African Renaissance Studies (ISSN 1818-6874)
Volume:8
Issue:1
Pages:5-29
Language:English
Geographic term:South Sudan
Subjects:nation building
political violence
political history
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/18186874.2013.834552
Abstract:After the referendum in southern Sudan in January 2011 on the self-determination of the region, the Republic of South Sudan was inaugurated on 9 July 2011. The challenge that lies ahead for the new republic is to reform the colonial State inherited at independence, build a more inclusive political community that effectively manages diversity, upholds the rule of law and practises democracy in governance. This article contributes to the development of the New Sudan Framework, an alternative solution to the intractable conflict in Sudan and a model for solving the problems of political violence in Africa. In the first section the author argues that the current rise in ethnic violence across South Sudan and the border regions is due to the failure to reform the colonial State inherited from Great Britain in the late 20th century. Violence in the disputed regions is analyzed to illustrate the dilemma that faces both North and South Sudan in a post-referendum era. Lastly, the author argues that the way out of the current predicament in the disputed regions and the way to build a more inclusive political community in the North and South that respects unity in diversity is contained in the conceptual framework known as the New Sudan, which was articulated by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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