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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Land registration and certification as a key strategy for ensuring gender equity, preventing land grabbing and enhancing agricultural productivity: evidence from Tigray, Ethiopia
Author:Gebre-Egziabher, Kinfe Abraha
Year:2013
Periodical:International Journal of African Renaissance Studies (ISSN 1818-6874)
Volume:8
Issue:2
Pages:5-22
Language:English
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:land registration
land law
gender relations
economic development
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/18186874.2013.861097
Abstract:In Ethiopia the land issue has always occupied a central place in various struggles for survival and development. Tigray, Ethiopia, had a complex land tenure system which has a long history. Traditionally, every Tigreayan was entitled to a piece of land by virtue of the fact that he/she belongs by birth to a given community. However, over the years this seemingly simple system has been complicated by the monarchs of Tigray. Two of the main problems that were associated with the land issues of Tigray during that time were land grabbing and the gender disparity in land ownership. As a result of the two and other key problems, the Tigreayans grew progressively poorer over the years. The Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Article 40 (The Right to Property) and Article 35 (Rights of Women), respectively, were aimed at addressing the major problems related to land and gender. As a way of implementing these articles and the subsequent policies, the regional government of Tigray used Land Registration and Certification as a strategy. The land registration and certification process conducted in Tigray is a process that is local, simple, done in the language of the people (Tigrigna), transparent and participatory, and has prevented land grabbing and ensured gender equity. This article discusses how land registration and certification not only prevents land grabbing and ensures gender equity, but also enhances agricultural productivity, by using the evidence from Tigray. Bibliogr., note, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]
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