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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The WTO and developing countries in the rounds of trade negotiations: whither are we?
Authors:Olagunju, Gbadebo A.ISNI
Olaoluwa, Rufus O.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of African and international law (ISSN 1821-620X)
Geographic terms:Africa
trade negotiations
developing countries
Abstract:This paper is regarding the World Trade Organization (WTO) and its trade negotiations and what these mean for developing countries, and in particular those in Africa. The WTO is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants' adherence to WTO agreements, which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments. Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive from previous trade negotiations.The organization attempted to complete negotiations on the Doha Development Round, which was launched in 2001 with an explicit focus on addressing the needs of developing countries. The paper endeavours to answer the questions this raises: what are the needs and prospects contained in the declarations for developing countries and has the WTO addressed these needs? At first, the authors briefly summarize the history of the GATT and WTO. Secondly they focus on the relevance of the WTO to developing countries and the issues concerning them. In conclusion, the paper theorizes what the WTO could do to improve the situation so that trade negotiations benefit both developed countries as well as developing countries. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]