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Title:Progress of water service providers in meeting Millennium Development Goals in Kenya
Authors:Sambu, Daniel K.
Tarhule, Aondover
Periodical:African Geographical Review (ISSN 1937-6812)
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:water supply
private enterprises
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19376812.2013.790643
Abstract:Over the past decade, the Kenyan Government has undertaken several water sector reforms in an attempt to increase water access. The most recent of these reforms (2002) was the privatization of water through the creation of autonomous Water Service Providers (WSPs). Among other things, that reform was sold as necessary to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with respect to water and sanitation. This paper uses Data Envelopment Analysis to evaluate the progress of the WSPs towards achieving the MDGs by 2015. Based on data availability and reliability, 44 WSP were selected and analysed on various efficiency measures, including technical efficiency and scale efficiency. The findings reveal that none of the WSPs is likely to meet the MDGs. Over 50 percent of small WSPs have achieved less than 30 percent of targets considered necessary for achieving the MDGs. The authors propose the use of peer benchmarks as a way of mitigating poor performance. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]