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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The next step in Somalia: exploiting victory, post-Mogadishu
Author:Roitsch, Paul E.
Year:2014
Periodical:African Security Review (ISSN 2154-0128)
Volume:23
Issue:1
Pages:3-16
Language:English
Geographic term:Somalia
Subjects:Islamic movements
jihads
militias
political change
peacekeeping operations
African Union
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/10246029.2013.866150
Abstract:From 2006 to 2011, al-Qaeda's East African proxy, al-Shabaab, served as the de facto ruling party of Somalia despite the efforts of the internationally recognised Transitional Federal Government (TFG). During these five years, a violent struggle between al-Shabaab and the peacekeeping force of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) resulted in thousands of dead civilians, hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons and a strategic environment inhospitable to reconciliation, recovery or development. By 2012, AMISOM was able to break the deadlock and force al-Shabaab from Mogadishu and Kismayo. In order to continue the momentum, the African Union and other partner nations must support the TFG in neutralising al-Shabaab throughout Somalia and providing good governance to its constituents. Al-Shabaab's revenue streams must be shut down and its offensive capability must be degraded while the strategic environment is shaped to ensure that conditions conducive to a revival do not exist. Failure to do so will likely see Somalia continuing to produce Islamist extremists and pirates to menace international maritime traffic in the western Indian Ocean, destabilise East Africa and adversely impact millions. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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