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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Nuclear diplomacy as niche diplomacy: South Africa's post-apartheid relations with the International Atomic Energy Agency
Author:Van Wijk, Jo-Ansie
Periodical:South African Journal of International Affairs
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:nuclear energy
international organizations
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10220461.2012.706492
Abstract:Since the termination of its nuclear weapons programme, commenced in 1989 and verified by the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) in 1993, successive South African governments have consistently advocated the country's commitment to nuclear non-proliferation. South Africa has secured a niche role through norm construction and state identity for itself through its nuclear diplomacy with the IAEA. The article explores aspects of South Africa's nuclear diplomacy with the IAEA as an example of niche diplomacy. Therefore, it traces South Africa's diplomatic relations with the IAEA, starting with the IAEA's verification process and the implementation of a Safeguards Agreement (1989-1994) through the conversion of South Africa's research nuclear reactor (1991-2005); South Africa's position on greater representation for developing countries on the IAEA's Board of Governors; its ambition to be elected to the position of IAEA Director General (2008-2009); and its refusal to support the establishment of a nuclear fuel bank in Russia under the IAEA's auspices (2009-2010). Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]